Students analyze the elements of short story, drama, poetry, autobiography, biography, mythology, epic, and nonfiction, and develop an independent reading program. They compose narrative, literary, expository, and technical writings. Each unit of literary study involves increasingly complex texts, with an emphasis placed on the development of written and oral communication. Grammar instruction includes sentence formation, usage, and mechanics; and students develop vocabulary skills through a variety of methods. The skills of using the information management process are used to create a research paper.